Tag Archives: globalwarming

How in the Universe do you connect Weather to Human Caused CO2? Here is How Earth Atmosphere Works, Including Ice Ages

Written by Paul Litely at Paullitely.com

How in the universe do we connect weather or climate event to Human Caused CO2? Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide has been increasing for the last 7,000 years, while the Earth’s Average Temperature has been Decreasing for the last 3,000 years, according to Ice Cores.

GISP2 TemperatureSince10700 BP with CO2 from EPICA DomeC GREENLAND ICE CORE TEMPERATURE RECORD BACK TO END OF ICE AGE

Humans contribute less than 10% of the recent 10% rise in CO2. CO2 is only 1% of the Greenhouse gas concentration in the atmosphere. Water Vapor is 97% of the greenhouse gas in Earth’s Atmosphere and makes Clouds, rain, and snow with no help from CO2. Vast amounts of heat is absorbed and released as water evaporates and condenses and freezes. This is called “Changing Phases”. It is still H2O as liquid water, a gas, or a solid.

CO2 does not change phases to solid or liquid at Earthly Temperatures and Pressures. CO2 cannot store an release such vast amounts of heat energy. It therefore cannot dominate as a greenhouse gas. Global Warming Models so not attempt to model Water as liquid or ice because it is too complicated, and they admit it.  It is also too powerful.  So, lets just look at water as a vapor, a greenhouse gas like CO2, and compare the two.

  • Note the area on the graph below labeled “Infrared” this is the Sun’s. radiation that HEATS surfaces that don’t reflect it. Note that CO2 is only connected to a narrow part of the Infrared (heating) spectrum, while Water Vapor connects across most of it.  The red part of the graph is the bandwidth of the Sun’s Solar Irradiance (Brightness).  The blue part of the graph is the bandwidth of stored invisible heat radiation upward from the Earth’s surface that originally came from day sunshine. The grey parts of the graph are where the various greenhouse gasses absorb and re-radiate energy.  Note the “Hole” in the Water Vapor Grey area just under the Blue.  This is the only big part of stored surface heat that is NOT absorbed by water vapor or consumed by evaporation of water to make water vapor. Note that CO2 does nothing to stop that blue heat energy that escapes upward from the Surface of the Earth except for the right 1/4 of that blue peak. This clearly shows that ONLY water vapor is an important greenhouse gas. CO2 is just a tiny one-hump player. This should be enough proof, but there is much much more.

RadiationTransmittedByTheAtmosphere The huge bulk of infrared radiation (Wavelength 0.7 and greater is absorbed and precipitated by Water Vapor

CO2 is such a weak Greenhouse gas that it is insignificant regardless of the amount of Solar Radiation spectrum it interacts with. Water Vapor rules on its own as a greenhouse gas.

Water vapor is vastly more important for another reason.  Water Vapor changes state to water or ice, and back from water or ice, with huge Quantum (instant) heat absorption and release. Water vapor condenses into water when it saturates the air at a given temperature. On the other hand, CO2 precipitates directly to a solid, or sublimates directly to a gas, without passing through a liquid state, and does this at MINUS 109 degrees Farenheit under normal atmospheric temperature and pressure ranges. CO2 NEVER changes state near the Earth’s surface because the Earth’s surface or atmosphere Never gets down to Minus 109 Degrees. CO2 cannot move heat energy in the most important way possible.

Water Vapor at lower altitude temperature and pressure changes state into liquid water = clouds. Clouds are a very high efficiency reflector for Solar infrared (Heating) radiant energy, shading water and land with 90% efficiency. However clouds do let non-heating ultraviolet radiation through, giving you a sunburn on a Cloudy day. Water vapor rises because it is lighter than air. When it rises up into the cold upper air, water vapor condenses into clouds, rain, and snow. When this happens, Clouds radiate huge amounts of heat into space from the condensation of water vapor to water, rain, and ice. Global Surface Temperatures decline with increased Cloudiness because of reflecting shade and the transport of heat by evaporation from the surface to form clouds that radiate heat energy into space.

This plot and graph of observed temperatures vs cloudy days around the world clearly shows that more clouds are associated with colder temperatures.

TotalCloudCoverVersusGlobalSurfaceAirTemperature

Here is the recent relationship between Cloud Cover (Green) and Earth’s Surface Temperature (Blue).  It makes sense, doesn’t it? More clouds = cooling. We have all felt the effects.

HadCRUT3 and TropicalCloudCoverISCCP

Huge amounts of Solar radiant energy are needed every day to keep this negative feedback from going to cold. Compare the graph of recent Global Cloudiness below with the next graph of recent Global Temperature. Flip it over, and see if it fits the temperature graph better than the graph of CO2. There is No contest as the CO2 line does not follow measured temperatures. Meanwhile, temperatures clearly move directly opposite the cloudiness.

CloudCoverTotalObservationsSince1983

Does the Graph of Cloud Cover explain Global Temperature better than CO2?

AllCompared GlobalMonthlyTempSince1958 AndCO2

Global Temperatures move opposite to Global Cloud Cover.  Clouds are condensation from Water Vapor.  Clouds release heat into space when they form. Water vapor gets this heat by evaporation, cooling the Earth’s surface. Clouds are 90% efficient at reflecting the sun’s heating radiation into space. CO2 is an orphan. CO2 has no significant role.   Water Vapor is not controlled by CO2.  Global Water Vapor has stayed almost constant recently,  except it has declined at higher altitudes.  (See Top line in the graph below) Higher altitudes are where CO2 Global Warming theory said Water Vapor would increase to do more Greenhouse warming because heat from CO2 put it there.  That is the most basic Global Warming assumption.  It is clearly not happening. Neither is the predicted warming.

NOAA ESRL AtmospericSpecificHumidity GlobalMonthlyTempSince1948 With37monthRunningAverage

It is apparent that the increased Cloud Cover does not dent the amount of Water Vapor in the atmosphere at lower altitudes (Bottom two lines).  This makes sense, because the air has to be saturated with 100% humidity for clouds to form. The excess falls out as rain or snow. Humidity cannot get higher than 100%. Any added moisture in the air just drops out as clouds, rain, or snow. Clouds occur almost exclusively at lower altitudes, when the air cools and cannot hold any more water vapor.  The excess becomes clouds and rain and ice. In the chart above, the amount of water vapor at lower altitudes (bottom two lines) is almost constant, increasing slowly.  The Greenhouse effect of Water Vapor is therefore fairly constant now, on average. The only variable here is the amount of water vapor rising, making clouds, and falling down.

Global Surface temperatures are controlled by the extent of Cloud Cover, since the Sun’s “Irradiance” is very constant, and only varies by less than 1/4%.  Clouds form when the sun heats the Earth’s surfaces, including oceans, and the water vapor generated rises to cooler altitudes to make clouds. When Cloud Cover is widespread, the Sun’s Energy is reflected back into space with up to 90% efficiency.  When Cloud Cover is sparce, the land and seas can absorb the Sun’s Energy and the Earth warms.  Clouds act as “Venetian Blinds” to block or allow the Sun’s Energy through to heat the land and seas.  Here is a graph showing that relationship between Solar Energy being sent back into space (Red Line) and the Earth’s Global Temperature (Blue Line). They are opposites.  It seems the prime driver of Global Temperatures is clearly Cloud Cover.

NOAA CPC EquatorOutgoingLWradiationAnomalyMonthly and HadCRUT3 since1979 With37monthRunningAverage reflected radiation matches lower temps

When Cloudiness increases, Earth’s temperature decreases. When cloudiness decreases, Earth’s temperature increases. They move oppositely.

There is now strong evidence that the Sun controls Cloud Cover indirectly by controlling the amount of Cosmic Rays that reach the Earth to make clouds.

http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/article1107174.ece

Here is a graph of that very striking inverse (opposite) relationship of Solar Activity as measured by sunspots (Blue), and historic cosmic rays. (Red).

CosmicRaysAndSunspotsMonthlySince195801

It has been shown experimentally in Cloud Chambers, that high energy protons and neutrons that ARE Cosmic Rays, will make cloud formation easier.   The term for this is Nucleation. Periods of high sunspot. Activity make strong solar winds and magnetic fields that blow away Cosmic rays headed for Earth. So, It appears that the Sunspot cycles contribute strongly to the Earth’s global temperature cycles by this indirect method. More sunspots, less Cosmic Rays and less clouds to block the Sun from warming the Earth’s surfaces.  Less Sunspots, and more Cosmic Rays get through to make clouds form easier, making shade and reflecting the Sun’s energy back into space, cooling the Earth’s surfaces.  So THAT is how the Sun indirectly, but strongly, controls the Earth’s Global Temperature, not by changing the strength of sunlight. The Global warming models have NO accounting for this indirect control of clouds by the Sun, but simply say the intensity of sunshine (irradiance) is almost constant.

Here is how the sun’s control of clouds works according to one of the discoverers, Professor Henrik Svensmark.

http://wattsupwiththat.com/2009/09/10/svensmark-global-warming-stopped-and-a-cooling-is-beginning-enjoy-global-warming-while-it-lasts/

There is other strong evidence that the Sun’s Activity, as evidenced by Sunspots, controls the Earth’s Global Temperature.  During two periods in the last 400 years the sun’s activity went down for several 11-year cycles in a row, resulting in periods of deadly cold for the Earth and Humans.  The “Maunder Minimum” lasted for about 60 years with almost no sunspots, a time known as the “Little Ice Age”. Another dip in the Sun’s activity occurred about 200 years ago, known as the “Dalton Minimum”.  Although not as long or deep, it, too resulted in thousands of people dying of freezing cold or starvation from not being able to grow crops because of very long winters.  One year of low solar activity had no summer at all.  American Indians recall a year of snow on the ground in Florida.

It works in reverse, too. In recent times, we have had high numbers of Sunspots, and that has resulted in the “Modern Maximum”, where winters are reasonably short and summers long enough to grow food, with some uncomfortably warm periods in the 1890’s and 1930’s, much warmer than today. Note: The hot 1930’s are being denied and covered up by official record keepers (see my blog with detailed graphs). Worldwide Temperature records have been manipulated to lower the temperatures shown in the first half of the 1900s and to raise the temperatures shown since then up to today to make recent times to appear warmer. See detailed graphs in the Paullitely.com Blog entry beginning with HadCRUT.

Here below is a graph of the Solar Activity sunspot cycles going back 400 years. See the notations for the deadly little ice ages and the recent Modern Maximum warm period where we have thrived.

Sunspot_Numbers_History 1600 to 2000

Although we do not have sunspot records back that far, it is important to see that ice cores show the Earth’s surface temperatures were much much warmer than today for years about 1100 to 1300 AD. This was the time of enlightenment and Renaissance, when food was plenty and cold weather did not kill in Europe. see chart below. Of course, humans did not contribute much CO2 back then, so human made CO2 could not have caused it.

clip_image002

See the colored chart below of recent Sunspot measurements. The Last two Sunspot cycles through today are numbered #23 and #24. They have peaks that are lower than the peak before by 30% each time.  The current Sunspot peak #24 is delayed, and has a “Double Hump”.  This same formation happened at the beginning of the long cold Maunder Minimum with almost no sunspots that lasted for 60 years of very cold temperatures on Earth.  There is a strong possibility we are headed there again right now, to a new mini-iceage, as predicted in 1989 by Theodor Landscheidt. If so, we are not looking at a “Globalwarming” future, but instead, an extended “Globalcooling” period that will be deadly, as it was each of the last times the sun got stuck at low sunspot activity.

Look closely at at this graph of the declining Sunspot cycles we are in. This pattern was seen going into the Maunder Minimum, and the next major peak took 60 years to appear, and we froze. We don’t know that will happen, but it is likely the next peak could be lower than this one we are in – Cycle 24.

Cycle22Cycle23Cycle24Medium

We are now at the right hand edge of the roller coaster ride, headed for the bottom again.  We don’t know if there is a Cycle #25 hump coming, or how big it may be.  What we do know is that these low solar activity cycles come around about every 200 years as the Sun’s magnetic poles get “Stuck” in neutral or lock on to each other when trying to switch places.  This is happening now, right on time, according to Theodor Landscheidt, and the Sun has not finished flipping poles as of 2016.  In 5 years, it could get stuck trying to flip. It surely looks to many, many of us like deadly cold weather is ahead for some time, as in the past mini ice ages.  Evidence of Global Cooling is all around us.

Before you dismiss the following facts, read the other posts on this site regarding how ALL claims of Global Warming are based on Temperature Records that have been changed to MAKE warming while the raw measurements show cooling. Polar ice is nearly back to normal in 2016. Antarctic ice is the highest in 35 years. Greenland did not seen a summer in 2015 and has added ice over 85% of its surface. Sidney Australia had its first snow since 1835 in this year, 2015.

The last few years have brought more and more polar ice, Colder and longer Winters, and Record low temperatures, even in the Summer. The Modern Little Ice Age may last for 20 years or it may go on for 60 years as it did in the 1600’s. Each new Solar Cycle from high to low takes 11 years from the last one.  We will see continued cooling at least that long from now.  The cold caused by lower and lower peaks at Sunspot Cycle #23 and #24 are still unfolding. it can take 11 years for the Earth to change temperature direction and follow the sun This current period of low Solar Activity is called the Landscheidt Grand Minimum, for Theodor Landscheidt, who predicted it back in 1989.  He accurately predicted global weather from the Sun’s declining activity and ocean currents. Here is an article on that by Landscheidt himself:

http://www.schulphysik.de/klima/landscheidt/iceage.htm

The long ice ages can also be explained. What is worrying some scientists, and me, is what if the amount of Cosmic Rays heading for Earth increase so they are very very intense – too much for the Sun to block? The Sun’s solar winds and magnetic fields can only divert just so much of the incoming cosmic rays. Very intense cosmic ray exposure may overcome the Sun’s protection completely. It appears that this is what happens to make the deep 100,000 Year ice ages that have occurred on Earth.  Here is a graph of the history going back 420,000 Years.  Note the long deep ice ages, and the short warm peaks. We are right now just a speck on the right side of the red box on a warm peak now, ready to fall back down into a deep ice age, as before.

HereVostokTemp0-420000 BP SIBERIAN ICE CORE TEMPERATURE RECORD SHOWS SHORT WARM PERIODS EACH 100,000 YEARS WITH ICE AGES IN BETWEEN

Here is a magnification of that red box, showing that we are at the end of it. Temperatures have been declining for the last 3000 years. If we fall off that cliff, the little ice ages we are discussing here will be insignificant. Sheer survival of species, including humans, will be at great risk. The cost of simply keeping warm and finding/making food will be staggering, and societies will be shredded. The 125,000 year Mayan Calendar has just reset.

GISP2 TemperatureSince10700 BP with CO2 from EPICA DomeC

An explanation for the great ice ages seems to be as follows, based on astronomy observations. The solar system “Bobs” up and down through the plane of our Galaxy, the “Milky Way”.  Right now, we are in the plane of the disc. Because we cannot see very far through the thick middle layer, we are protected from most of the Cosmic rays coming from the other stars in the Milky Way and the supermassive black hole at its center.  Our exposure is blocked by nearby stars and gas clouds. This protection only lasts for about 13,000 years, Then the Solar System moves out to clear space where cosmic rays from most of the Milky Way Galaxy and beyond can reach us unobstructed.

We seem to be moving out of safety and into the dense stream of cosmic rays that are so strong that our Sun cannot block them. As that happens, the Earth will rapidly cloud over and cool, making the next Ice Age.  Ice Ages last about 100,000 years.  This effect compounds the Sun’s current inactivity.  The little ice age we may be entering may just tip over right into the next grand ice age for 100,000 years. As a result,  we may see a very, very rapid descent into dense cloud cover and even more intense, deadly cold.  The Landsheidt Minimum little ice age we are in now will most likely reach the coldest by 2025, and it could stay there for decades as it did in the Maunder Minimum. OR, the sun may come unstuck from it’s state of no magnetic poles and help us warm up first. Either way, we are already on the way down the roller coaster ramp for a period of significant cooling.

There is a delay of the effect of the sun’s cycles and the Earth’s cooling of approximately one solar cycle.  Heating took time. Cooling takes time.  Two lower and lower solar cycles have just occurred.  We have not seen the full effects of the past two lower solar cycles. We will not see the full effects for another 11 to 20 years.  Even a strong recovery of the Sun, after it finishes flipping North and South magnetic poles, may shield us for a while longer, but it seems it will eventually be overpowered by intense cosmic rays.

Here is an artists representation of the “Bobbing” of the Earth and Solar System through the plane of the Milky Way.  It takes approximately 25,000 years to pass through the central disk of the Milky Way, then about 100,000 years to return.  The 25,000 years corresponds to the length of the Mayan Calendar, that coincidentally just ended, along with the current warm period on Earth.  During that passage, the Disk of the Milky Way itself shields us from the most intense cosmic rays, and the Sun can deflect them when the Sun is Active with Sunspots. During the next approximate 100,000 years, the solar system is outside the central disk of the Milky Way, and is exposed to intense Cosmic Rays from the Ultra-Massive Black Hole at the center of the Milky Way, as well as the entire plane of other active radiant objects. During this time, the Sun is not powerful enough to deflect this intense bombardment of Earth, and Earth clouds over into a Major Ice Age until the Solar System returns to the protection of the central Disk of the Milky Way.

There is a video on YouTube that goes with this image. It is accompanied by dire warnings of the social consequences, and correlations with the Mayan Calendar.

Tipping  into the next Major Ice Age will not be abrupt because it takes thousands of years.  However, tipping into the Landscheidt Mini Ice Age, as we are today, will be very abrupt if the Maunder Minimum is being repeated as Landscheidt, and Carl Smith and Geoff Sharp predicted.  The Maunder Minimum descended in a matter of a few decades with a pattern of declining Sunspot activity that is being ecoed today.

It is deadly cold we should be preparing for, not a future of Global Warming and uncomfortable warmth. The evidence will be mounting undeniably in the next few years.  The “Maunder Minimum” from 1645 to 1715 was accompanied by wars, starvation, plagues and persecution by extremists who believed our God had been offended, so he made it deadly cold.  European Rivers froze over annually, including the Thames in England.  Snow stuck to the ground for most of the year.  The sun was obscured by clouds for long periods.  It is known as “The Dark Ages” because it was dark.   We may be WISHING FOR WARMING as happened in the years 1100 to 1300, whose benefit was the ability to grow food further towards the Earth’s Poles. The Earth was as much as two degrees  warmer than now.  There were Vineyards in England. The street signs remain today celebrating them.  Food was abundant, and disease was less prevalent.  Wars were infrequent.  Live was easier.  It is known as the “Medieval Warm Period”, and “The Age of Enlightenment”.  Warmth is good.  Cold is deadly.

In the meantime, the Atmosphere is getting richer in CO2, and that is plant food. Canadians direct the exhaust from their propane heaters into their greenhouses to increase the CO2 and double plant growth during their short Summers.  Ironically, today’s rising CO2 levels have increased forest growth on Earth. More CO2 can make it easier to grow food during the upcoming deadly cold with very short summers.  CO2 is not a poison, or we would not put it into our soft drinks and carbonated water and greenhouses.

Official Global Warming model temperatures closely follow the amount of Carbon Dioxide in the atmosphere. It is a straight line for most of the last 1500 years.  How does it line up with Earths actual temperatures over the last 1500 years?

Click to enlarge the graph. Blue Is the IPCC model that uses CO2 to graph temperature changes.. Red are actual temperature changes from ice core sample measurements and recent Satellite measurements.  The Models have ironed out natural temperature changes in favor of showing a nearly straight history with a recent upturn.  Why? What do you believe?

Featured Image -- 663

High levels of CO2 have to be very high to be dangerous to humans. Submarines and the International. Space station keep CO2 levels as high as 4,000 parts par million, or 10 times our 400 ppm atmospheric CO2 today. Our breath can be 10 times higher, at 40,000 ppm when we exhale. CO2 is not the Devil. It is a green plant’s best friend along with water and sunlight.

The grand experiment of looking for proof of Global Warming predictions in nature has failed so miserably that the promoters of the story have to alter raw historic records and MAKE warming to keep fundraising and salaries and grants totaling about $1Billion per day worldwide. Aside from encouraging solar and wind power at great expense with government subsidies, We get NOTHING for it. We get inconveniences and more expensive basics.. Food, energy, and shelter, so the poorest suffer the most. Promoters of Global Warming theory refuse to continue to refer to their position as what it is: CO2 Globalwarming. That is their basic claim. They have abandoned it because it is not happening except by their adjustments to raw temperature data. Supporters of the Global Warming models (NOAA, USHCN) have even adjusted historic published temperature data down in the past and up in recent times to track with the increase in atmospheric Carbon Dioxide.

NOAA USHCN Adjustments Versus Atmospheric CO2

Soon, we will have to Avoid using the term ClimateChange, because we now need that term for the inescapable little ice age we have entered. We really could use some Globalwarming after all, but I would not not count on it, from what I can see.

Environmentalism is a wonderful thing, and I am an avid environmentalist.  That is why I have studied this Global Warming subject for six years.   Wasteful fundraising to make or stop the weather is not a good thing.  It is literally impossible for humans to change the weather, but $1billion per day pays those who say they can. Imagine what we could do to make life better for our fellow humans, animals, plants and our lovely planet with that money.  Instead, it is being wasted where it makes no positive difference.  Watch for the next United Nations IPCC fundraiser and their outrageous forecasts that have not come true. There has been no global warming for 18 years, and we did not stop it. It just did not happen as they predicted. Instead of excuses, we need a revised model, or what are they being paid for? We should at least be using some of that money to prepare for what is really coming… deadly cold. The survival of millions of people will depend upon it. Reality is pressing ahead.

Advertisements

RUSSIAN PRESIDENT VLADIMIR PUTIN: ‘GLOBAL WARMING A FRAUD’

Portrait of Vladimir Putin

Portrait of Vladimir Putin

A significant hurdle confronting negotiators trying to develop a strong climate agreement in Paris in December comes from Russian President Vladimir Putin, who has said “there is no global warming, that this is a fraud to restrain the industrial development of several countries including Russia,” as described by Stanislav Belkovsky, a Russian political analyst.

Russia’s pledged carbon dioxide reductions ahead of the Paris talks reflect Putin’s skepticism. They actually amount to an increase in emissions. Russia has said its emissions will be “70 to 75 percent” of 1990 levels by 2030 – which amounts to an increase in emissions from 2012 levels since Russian emissions are currently far below the levels produced in the Soviet era.

Putin’s skepticism dates from the early 2000s, when, according to Andrey Illarionov, Putin’s senior economic advisor at the time, his staff “did very, very extensive work trying to understand all sides of the climate debate. We found that, while climate change does exist, it is cyclical, and the anthropogenic role is very limited. It became clear that the climate is a complicated system and that, so far, the evidence presented for the need to ‘fight’ global warming was rather unfounded.”

 H. Sterling Burnett

In 2004, for the Kyoto Convention, Putin saw this Powerpoint Presentation by Russian Scientists and Economists about CO2 Global Warming. See all the Charts and Graphs Presented, then and see How they still apply Today.

In the Beginning, was the seminal meeting in Kyoto to pressure the industrialized nations of the world to do something about Human Caused Global Warming due to burning fossil fuels, as theorized by the IPCC.  The theory had not yet been proven by the test of time, but had been politicized by Al Gore’s Book and Film “Inconvenient Truth”  The resultant social and political environment urged industrialized nations to take dramatic action because, IF the IPCC was right, immediate action was required to prevent a climate apocalypse, or it would be impossible to stop later.

But what did non-politicized scientists and economists see when examining the facts?  Be sure to see ALL of the charts and graphs in this Russian presentation and then make up your own mind as if you were Putin:

http://iccfglobal.org/ppt/Illarionov-013004.html.ppt

Note: This online links to the Powerpoint presentation have been blocked off and on as of August 1, 2016.  If it doesn’t work, try again later. I was able to find the title page of the presentation, shown here. The presentation is so clear and definite showing that Humans cannot change the weather using CO2, and that the social and economic damages from trying to do the impossible are, of course, extreme without end.Kyoto Protocol and Russia Illarionov-013004html

Here is a link to the Guardian Article of May 19, 2004 with a summary. Below the link is the text of the article it links to:

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2004/may/19/environment.russia

“Leading Russian scientists told President Vladimir Putin yesterday that the Kyoto emissions treaty discriminates against Russia, would damage its economy and would not significantly reduce global warming, increasing the chance that the Kremlin will refuse to ratify the agreement.

Experts from the Russian Academy of Sciences submitted a report to the Kremlin containing their long-awaited assessment of the scientific virtues of the pact for Russia. The document, according to the Interfax news agency, said: “Its effectiveness in reducing the concentration of greenhouse gases in line with the framework convention on the climate change is low.”

The scientists added that global warming was occurring, but that to conclude that “the warming is occurring exclusively due to anthropogenic pollutants, namely, manmade emissions” was questionable.

They said the total benefit to Russia would be a small drop in the concentration of carbon dioxide in the air over the next 10 years, but the total cost of the pact’s emission-reduction measures would be “tens of trillions of dollars over a hundred years”.

The report said: “If Russia ratifies the Kyoto protocol, it would have to either reduce its economic growth or buy additional quotas on greenhouse emissions.” The scientists added that Russia’s extreme climate was not taken into account by the protocol.

The report, signed by a fierce Kyoto critic, Yuri Israel, will give Mr Putin the scientific justification he needs to kill off the treaty.

To come into effect, the 1997 protocol must be ratified by at least 55 countries which accounted for 55% of global greenhouse gas emissions in 1990. After the US and other key states rejected the pact, Russia’s ratification became key for it to come into effect.

Mr Putin has procrastinated over the decision for months, saying he will not sign anything while it remains against Russia’s national interests, yet apparently holding out for last minute concessions from the EU.

His key adviser, Andrei Illarionov, has repeatedly panned the treaty, saying it would amount to an “economic Auschwitz” for growth in Russia, where the Kremlin has ambitiously pledged to double GDP in 10 years.

On Friday, a Russia-EU summit in Moscow will see increased pressure for Russia to sign. Yet Mr Putin is thought to be torn between rejecting the treaty, which could ease Moscow’s frayed relations with Washington and remove perceived constraints on economic growth, and ratifying it, which would improve its standing with the EU, its new, expanding neighbour.

The US is responsible for 24% of the world’s carbon dioxide emissions, while Russia accounts for 17.4%. Moscow in any case faces a daunting task in meeting treaty requirements, given its legacy of polluting Soviet industries.

The EU, Japan and the rest of the developed world adopted the agreement more than three years ago.”

Annual “COP” fundraisers have put political and social pressure on world governments to continue with these agreements.  These United Nations fundraisers and their extortion funds THEM, and also gets commitments for internal spending that keeps lots of Scientists and Politicians employed.  “Green Energy” projects are subsidized regardless of economic damage to the economy of nations and the consequential higher cost of living for those least able to afford it as their energy bills leap up.  All of this is allowed to continue, as long as nobody challenges the basic assumption that humans and CO2 control the Earth’s Climate despite ample extensive evidence that it does not.

Putin and RUSSIA have been laughing at us since then. So has CHINA and INDIA, because they all saw the same information from their own Scientists and Economists. However,  Political, Social, and Economic extortion by the United Nations IPCC and the United States anti Fossil Fuel movement, has kept them in line… but not for long… as the real climate will “Trump” “Politicized Science”.  Of course, nobody will pay for these transgressions, and that is why they can do it.

We in the United States, and in Russia, and China and India and Europe, and in Australia, did not do independent analysis of the core theory of Human Caused CO2 Global Warming Climate Change… or did we?  The Emperor will soon be exposed as having no clothes, but surely he will not be embarassed.  Instead, he will claim, as usual, that “He knows better than we do what is good for us” despite the damage done.  Who is “He”? look to the United Nations, who created the IPCC, and conspired with the Politicized Scientists they employed, to grab centralized political, social, and economic power worldwide.  There is a touch of evil there. Beware, they will not give up their agenda.

 

 

UK HadCRUT, US NASA GISS, US NCDC, AustraliaMet ALL Altered Their Official Temperature Data Records to Make Warming – See Graphs of the changes Here

UK HadCRUT, US NASA GISS, US NCDC, AustraliaMet ALL Altered Their Temperature Data Records to Make Warming – See Graphs Here

Written by Paul Litely at Paullitely.com

These tweets link to a site that clearly shows with
GRAPHS OF THE CHANGES MADE
how temperature records were and are manipulated all over the world. The early half of the 1900’s were made to look colder while the last half of the 1900’s are made to look warmer, right into the 2000’s. Peaks of warming in the past were clipped off. Troughs of cooling were also clipped off, all to create a warming trend, to suppress the effects of ocean El Ninos and La Mina’s, and to enable new “Record” High temperatures today. So now we can see how claims are made today that new record warm temperatures are happening…. when they are not. We can also see how the long straight handle of the “Hockeystick” IPCC graphs are made from past S curves. Their models cannot even predict the PAST. Who can you trust if they change the actual Raw measurements in an obvious slant to match their story?
Click on the links below to see how nearly all “Authorities” on temperature records have tilted or clipped their records to make warming that does not exist. Their patterns are obviously self-serving.

One justification given for making “Homogenizing” adjustments is because some thermometers used started out in open areas, but paving and buildings were added nearby. They call this the “heat island” effect, because replacing soil and greenery with Manmade structures adds heat. However, this would only justify LOWERING recent measurements to compensate. What we observe is lowering earlier measurements and raising recent measurements. That is opposite of the “Heat Island”effect, so is plainly arbitrary change to support their Global Warming agenda. Notably, there has been such scrutiny of recent measurements that this “Fudging” no longer can be done.

For current articles with more proof of misrepresentations of the raw measurements, go to my Twitter @paullitely to see more. A common technique today is to omit measurements of temperature and Ice and sea level, etc for the most recent years after 2012. Recent years trends have shown dramatic cooling Temperatures, and return of arctic ice to even above average. Severe warm weather weather event tornados and hurricanes have become much less common. This does not support the Global Warming agenda, so recent measurements are being delayed publication as long as possible.

Twitter @paullitely: < US NCDC May2008-Sep2014 temperature records altered showing more #CO2 #globalwarming #climatechange
GRAPH OF CHANGES MADE http://www.climate4you.com/images/NCDC%20MaturityDiagramSince20080517.gif


Twitter @paullitely: http://www.climate4you.com/images/HadCRUT3+4%20MaturityDiagramSince20080225.gif EastAnglia HadCRUT FEB2008-AUG2014 #temperaturedata record altered showing more #CO2 #globalwarming #climatechange
GRAPH OF CHANGES MADE

Twitter @paullitely: http://www.climate4you.com/images/GISS%20MaturityDiagramSince20080517.gif NASA GoddardInSpaceStudies May2008-Sep2014 alters temperature record showing more #CO2 #globalwarming #climatechange
GRAPH OF CHANGES MADE

Twitter @paullitely: http://www.climate4you.com/images/GISS%20ChangeVersion3minus2.gif NASA GoddardInstituteSpaceStudies Nov2011 altered temperature record showing more #CO2 #globalwarming #climatechange
GRAPH OF CHANGES MADE

NASA GISS ARTICLE: http://notrickszone.com/2012/03/01/data-tamperin-giss-caught-red-handed-manipulaing-data-to-produce-arctic-climate-history-revision/

Twitter @paullitely: http://www.climate4you.com/images/NCDC%20ChangeVersion2-3Diagram201104-201105.gif US NCDC April 2011 altered temperature records showing more #CO2 #globalwarming #climatechange
GRAPH OF CHANGES MADE

Twitter @paullitely: #Australia “Scientists” Caught Red-Handed making up #CO2 #globalwarming trends http://news.heartland.org/newspaper-article/2014/09/19/australian-meteorologists-caught-fudging-numbers

Twitter @paullitely: #Australia again way out front -now- on #deadly #globalcooling Don’t trust Bureau of Meteorology, says Abbott govt http://reneweconomy.com.au/2014/dont-trust-bureau-of-meteorology-says-abbotts-business-advisor-54948

Climatologist Summarizes Global Warming As an Investigator.

Here is a link to a summary of what is happening in the search for a complete picture of the Global Warming controversy by a Respected Climatologist.  He has written a book about his findings, based on the Assumption there will be extreme Global Warming.

https://w3.newsmax.com/LP/Finance/RWL/RWL-Dark-Winter?dkt_nbr=6hiqkkoq

SEE OLDER POSTS

Almost Daily New Recognition of Deliberate Changes to the Temperature Records to MAKE it appear the Earth is Warming

Almost Daily New Recognition of Deliberate Changes to the Temperature Records to MAKE it appear the Earth is Warming

There is no No human made CO2 Globalwarming: Fiddling with temperature data is the biggest science scandal ever – More experts and Journalists are simply looking at the raw measurements with astonishment.

http://t.co/kVa6SpUbZV

The Truth Behind Temperature Records Used for ALL Global Warming Claims

Although it has been emerging for seven years or more, one of the most extraordinary scandals of our time has never hit the headlines. Yet another little example of it lately caught my eye when, in the wake of those excited claims that 2014 was “the hottest year on record”, I saw the headline on a climate blog: “Massive tampering with temperatures in South America”. The evidence on Notalotofpeopleknowthat, uncovered by Paul Homewood, was indeed striking.

Puzzled by those “2014 hottest ever” claims, which were led by the most quoted of all the five official global temperature records – Nasa’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies (Giss) – Homewood examined a place in the world where Giss was showing temperatures to have risen faster than almost anywhere else: a large chunk of South America stretching from Brazil to Paraguay.

Noting that weather stations there were thin on the ground, he decided to focus on three rural stations covering a huge area of Paraguay. Giss showed it as having recorded, between 1950 and 2014, a particularly steep temperature rise of more than 1.5C: twice the accepted global increase for the whole of the 20th century.

But when Homewood was then able to check Giss’s figures against the original data from which they were derived, he found that they had been altered. Far from the new graph showing any rise, it showed temperatures in fact having declined over those 65 years by a full degree. When he did the same for the other two stations, he found the same. In each case, the original data showed not a rise but a decline.

Homewood had in fact uncovered yet another example of the thousands of pieces of evidence coming to light in recent years that show that something very odd has been going on with the temperature data relied on by the world’s scientists. And in particular by the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which has driven the greatest and most costly scare in history: the belief that the world is in the grip of an unprecedented warming.

How have we come to be told that global temperatures have suddenly taken a great leap upwards to their highest level in 1,000 years? In fact, it has been no greater than their upward leaps between 1860 and 1880, and 1910 and 1940, as part of that gradual natural warming since the world emerged from its centuries-long “Little Ice Age” around 200 years ago.

This belief has rested entirely on five official data records. Three of these are based on measurements taken on the Earth’s surface, versions of which are then compiled by Giss, by the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and by the University of East Anglia’s Climatic Research Unit working with the Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction, part of the UK Met Office. The other two records are derived from measurements made by satellites, and then compiled by Remote Sensing Systems (RSS) in California and the University of Alabama, Huntsville (UAH).

The adjusted graph from the Goddard Institute for Space Studies

In recent years, these two very different ways of measuring global temperature have increasingly been showing quite different results. The surface-based record has shown a temperature trend rising up to 2014 as “the hottest years since records began”. RSS and UAH have, meanwhile, for 18 years been recording no rise in the trend, with 2014 ranking as low as only the sixth warmest since 1997.

One surprise is that the three surface records, all run by passionate believers in man-made warming, in fact derive most of their land surface data from a single source. This is the Global Historical Climate Network (GHCN), managed by the US National Climate Data Center under NOAA, which in turn comes under the US Department of Commerce.

But two aspects of this system for measuring surface temperatures have long been worrying a growing array of statisticians, meteorologists and expert science bloggers. One is that the supposedly worldwide network of stations from which GHCN draws its data is flawed. Up to 80 per cent or more of the Earth’s surface is not reliably covered at all. Furthermore, around 1990, the number of stations more than halved, from 12,000 to less than 6,000 – and most of those remaining are concentrated in urban areas or places where studies have shown that, thanks to the “urban heat island effect”, readings can be up to 2 degrees higher than in those rural areas where thousands of stations were lost.

Below, the raw data in graph form

To fill in the huge gaps, those compiling the records have resorted to computerised “infilling” or “homogenising”, whereby the higher temperatures recorded by the remaining stations are projected out to vast surrounding areas (Giss allows single stations to give a reading covering 1.6 million square miles). This alone contributed to the sharp temperature rise shown in the years after 1990.

But still more worrying has been the evidence that even this data has then been subjected to continual “adjustments”, invariably in only one direction. Earlier temperatures are adjusted downwards, more recent temperatures upwards, thus giving the impression that they have risen much more sharply than was shown by the original data.

An early glaring instance of this was spotted by Steve McIntyre, the statistician who exposed the computer trickery behind that famous “hockey stick” graph, beloved by the IPCC, which purported to show that, contrary to previous evidence, 1998 had been the hottest year for 1,000 years. It was McIntyre who, in 2007, uncovered the wholesale retrospective adjustments made to US surface records between 1920 and 1999 compiled by Giss (then run by the outspoken climate activist James Hansen). These reversed an overall cooling trend into an 80-year upward trend. Even Hansen had previously accepted that the “dust bowl” 1930s was the hottest US decade of the entire 20th century.

Assiduous researchers have since unearthed countless similar examples across the world, from the US and Russia to Australia and New Zealand. In Australia, an 80-year cooling of 1 degree per century was turned into a warming trend of 2.3 degrees. In New Zealand, there was a major academic row when “unadjusted” data showing no trend between 1850 and 1998 was shown to have been “adjusted” to give a warming trend of 0.9 degrees per century. This falsified new version was naturally cited in an IPCC report (see “New Zealand NIWA temperature train wreck” on the Watts Up With That science blog, WUWT, which has played a leading role in exposing such fiddling of the figures).

By far the most comprehensive account of this wholesale corruption of proper science is a paper written for the Science and Public Policy Institute, “Surface Temperature Records: Policy-Driven Deception?”, by two veteran US meteorologists, Joseph D’Aleo and WUWT’s Anthony Watts (and if warmists are tempted to comment below this article online, it would be welcome if they could address their criticisms to the evidence, rather than just resorting to personal attacks on the scientists who, after actually examining the evidence, have come to a view different from their own).

One of the more provocative points arising from the debate over those claims that 2014 was “the hottest year evah” came from the Canadian academic Dr Timothy Ball when, in a recent post on WUWT, he used the evidence of ice-core data to argue that the Earth’s recent temperatures rank in the lowest 3 per cent of all those recorded since the end of the last ice age, 10,000 years ago.

In reality, the implications of such distortions of the data go much further than just representing one of the most bizarre aberrations in the history of science. The fact that our politicians have fallen for all this scary chicanery has given Britain the most suicidally crazy energy policy (useless windmills and all) of any country in the world.

But at least, if they’re hoping to see that “universal climate treaty” signed in Paris next December, we can be pretty sure that it is no more going to happen than that 2014 was the hottest year in history.

Hottest Year 2014 Biased on Sparse Global Thermometer Coverage

The Hottest Year 2014 Claim is Biased on Sparse Global Thermometer Coverage, and not on more accurate and complete Satellite Temperature Measuring.

Hottest Year Claims Based On Sparse Coverage.

DETAILS! 2014 US Climate Report shows Clear Temperature Data Tampering by NOAA & National Climate Data Center  (NCDC), to MAKE CLIMATE WARMING

2014 US Climate Report.

Why Australians are way out ahead of the rest of the World on Global Warming

Why Australians are way out ahead of the rest of the World on Global Warming.

I have seen this video again recently… from the Ninth Annual Climate Conference in Las Vegas July 2014. It is very enlightening.

http://t.co/6LK8oI7Ydr 

Now we can see why Australians were the first to throw out the Globalwarming nuts and go back to making life more comfortable and affordable, while caring for their reefs and rainforests with their tax dollars.  Putting Billions into the collection plate for the Globalwarming gods stopped making sense when the sermons went off the edge of sensibility, and the weather fixes itself.